Choosing The Right HVAC System For Your Home

Wednesday, March 13th, 2019

There are many reasons why you might need a new HVAC system. Your old system could be outdated, malfunctioning, or inefficient. You may not even be aware that a new HVAC system is necessary. Whether you need a heater, air conditioner, or both, it is helpful to understand how these systems work before choosing the right one for your home.

Types of HVAC systems

There are a few types of HVAC systems that you can choose from. Knowing the difference between the types can help you decide what is best for your needs.

  • Split systems: This is the most well-known type of HVAC system and the most common. Some of its components are outside while others are located inside your home. It consists of an air conditioner outside and a furnace inside, as well ductwork and smaller parts. The newer models offer air purifiers, cleansers, and other advanced components to help with ventilation.
  • Zoned HVAC systems: This type of system heats and cools different rooms by moving valves or dampers within the ductwork. They can help you save money in the long run because you can maintain temperatures in smaller spaces, rather than your entire home.
  • Duct-free split systems: As the name implies, a duct-free split HVAC system functions without ductwork. It usually consists of an air conditioner, a heat pump, tubing, wires, and a fan system. These can also use air purifiers.
  • How your HVAC system works

    HVAC systems contain a variety of components, both large and small. They all work together to cool or heat your home. The following can help you understand the basics of your system.

    Large components

    1. Furnace: The furnace, or heater, is often thought of as the workhorse of your HVAC system. It is often the largest component and will require more space. A furnace can be powered by heat pumps, combustion, solar power, and electric resistance.
    2. Condensing unit and evaporator coil: This component, commonly called the air conditioner, is what cools air for your home. It holds and sends refrigerant to the evaporator coil, which then pumps the air throughout the ductwork in your home.
    3. Ductwork: The ductwork funnels the air to each room in your home. It is just as important to maintain this as it is any other part of your HVAC. If there is a leak or blockage, the air will be hindered. If there is mold buildup, this could pose a risk to your health.

    Smaller parts

    1. Thermostat: The thermostat is the component you will see the most. It can be programmed to maintain temperatures on its own or be changed manually.
    2. Vents: The vents release air from the ductwork and are usually found along the ceiling, although they can be placed near the floor as well. It is important to ensure that vents don’t become blocked.
    3. Filters: HVAC filters are another part of your system that you will, or should, interact with often. These should be changed regularly to prevent dust and debri building up within the ductwork and other components of your HVAC system.

    Tips to help you choose and HVAC system

    The best way to know which type of HVAC system you need is to speak with an expert. You should discuss your budget, how many rooms are in your home, and how you typically use your system. You can also ask about adding to your equipment or upgrading components if your budget is tight.

    The size of your equipment will affect the efficiency of your system, so you should pick the right size. If you choose a unit that is too large, it will turn on and off too much, causing extra wear over time. Also, consider quality over price. This equipment will need to last as long and possible and operate with little maintenance or repairs.

    Go with a local HVAC company to help you choose and install your system. If you already have a technician, start with them. You can also consider upgrading your current equipment, rather than replacing it completely. Your technician should be able to tell you after an inspection exactly what needs to be done. They can also let you know about efficiency ratings like SEER and MERV.

    HVAC installation and service in the Texas Panhandle

    Are you looking for HVAC inspection, installation, maintenance, or repair services in your area? Contact the experts at Allen’s Tri-State Mechanical Inc. today. We offer Residential and Commercial HVAC services throughout the Texas Panhandle. You can reach us at (806) 376-8345 or Send Us an email for more information.